Pearlscale Goldfish - Tips and Characteristics

Quick Statistics - Pearlscale
Country of Origin: China and Japan
Family: Cyprinidae
Scientific Name: Carassius auratus
Environment: Freshwater fish
Temperature: 65° - 78°F
Type: Twin Tail
Diet: Omnivore
Food: Pellets, flakes, live food, veggies and fruit
Adult Size: 4-6" (inches)
Lifespan: 10-15 years or more
Care Level: Easy - Medium
Temperament: Friendly and social

If you're thinking this goldfish might be hiding pearls under its scales, let me tell you that you are not far from the truth. The Pearlscale goldfish can be recognized by its scales with raised centers and dark perimeters. This is he only variety with this type of scales.

It's body is round, similar to a golf ball and its fins may be long or short. Depth of the body is at least 2/3 of the body length. Twin-tail fins are forked and held above the horizontal. The Pearscale is a bright and alert fish that displays well developed domed scales all over the body area.

They eat almost any kind of fresh, frozen or flake foods and can be found in all kinds of colors such as orange, red, blue, red-and-white, black, chocolate, yellow and calico. A very popular variation of the Pearlscale is the Crown Pearlscale goldfish which develops a hood or head growth similar to the Oranda.

Usually kept in well maintained goldfish aquariums, the Pearlscale can reach a length of about 4-6 inches and live at least 10-15 years. It's considered one of the hardier species of fancy goldfish and can be recommended to the beginners.

Credits to Gio

You also need to know...

Due to its egg-shape body, the Pearlscale is not a very good swimmer and not very competitive when food is served. The pearly scales can be easily damaged by rough handling and sharp objects in the aquarium.

Be careful when moving/netting these goldfish because when they lose a 'pearl' scale it will only grow up a a regular scale.


Best tank mates for Pearlscales are the twin-tails, slow swimming goldfish like the Fantail, Ranchu, Lionhead, Black Moor or other similar varieties. Do not mix with single-tails, like fast Comets, Shubunkins or Common goldfish.

Love to you,

Image credits to: Caesda @